Social Housing policies.

Financial crisis has led to a sudden and dramatic increase in poverty levels with a consequent lack of work and housing around the planet. This problem is so rampant in recent years due to the inability of governments address and confront the issue. Social welfare and the policy against social exclusion are intertwined with main content the restoration of threatened social cohesion of country's fabric. The number o homeless people is also increased by 25% in the developed world, who now amount to millions of people, most of them located in large urban centers where the population concentrations are high. The lists of social services show a change in this population composition since most of the homeless are those who previously had a normal life but this was reversed with the advent of the economic crisis, so they can not meet their daily needs for housing and feeding. The social class of newly-homeless as they characteristically are called is consisting of former employees who currently are facing survival problems. In the category of newly-homeless belong people of purely economic reasons. They are unemployed or workers with very low or no income. Their ages range mainly between 30-55 years, but there are also older people who have lost their jobs just before they go to retirement and have no rest. In newly-homeless category also included people hosted by failing to afford a home of their own, people who live with many others or those living in unfit or uninhabitable homes. The homeless are not considered as a particularly vulnerable group, and therefore there is no official and reliable system of their registration or welfare support, unless they belong to another recognized particular social group. The main social policy axes that could directly confront the problem are as follows:
* Support families at direct risk of becoming homeless.
* Housing in decent facilities (in social housing blocks).
* Promoting homeless employability opportunities in labor market.
Sustainable development cannot exist without decent work in a modern welfare state, and none social state is economically viable without the full and decent employment.

Typology of Social Housing.

The typology of social housing settlements characterized by their size and their location.
* Small size (10-20) houses.
* Medium size (20-50) houses.
* Large size (50-80) houses.
Settlements are placed in areas outside urban fabric, on the outskirts of cities and they are studied as autonomous urban units in the region, combined with social infrastructure.

Social Housing as a reciprocating benefit.

There are two (2) categories of provided social housing worldwide:
* By rent.
* By ownership.
The category of housing supply which will be chosen varies considerably in each country, depending on the tradition and the culture of its organization. Usually the jurisdiction of social housing belongs exclusively to municipality and constitutes municipal property. The Municipal Development Model provides the production of new housing stock with the construction of low-cost dwellings to available municipal land outside the urban fabric. The municipal housing stock will be managed by the Municipal Development Bank through the institution of reciprocating benefits. The category of rented social housing is incorporated to
Municipal Development Model, which will be provided for direct housing at low prices fixed on the real economic and social conditions. Beneficiaries of the social housing program will be families from each municipal area which face serious economic problems and they will be selected with certain social criteria. The program focuses on the employment of the active members of these families to municipal social enterprises, in order to be able pay the social rent and in parallel to meet their daily survival needs.